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Dislocations are disturbances within a joint which are caused when the bones within the joint become displaced or misaligned.

If a joint becomes dislocated there may be associated ligament and tendon damage around the joint.

Dislocated joints can normally be manipulated back into their correct position (known medically as reduced); however, this is an extremely painful process which should only be carried out by trained professionals with the benefit of specific X-rays of the affected area. Incorrect manipulation of a dislocated joint can cause further damage to the joint, bones or associated tendons and ligaments.
The level of damage caused by dislocations and the potential symptoms will depend on the actual area of the dislocation and the type and severity of the trauma.

Treatment and rehabilitation for dislocated joints will vary according to the severity and position of the injury and which joint has suffered the dislocation. Successful treatment of dislocations will depend upon the dislocated joint being relocated successfully.

The rehabilitation treatment will primarily involve the treatment of the ligaments and tendons in the surrounding area which will have been damaged as a result of the dislocation.

Common symptoms

• Swelling within the area
• Extreme pain
• Immobility of the affected joint
• A joint which is visibly out of position
• Weakness within the joint

Common causes

• Road traffic accident
• Accidents at work
• Falling from height
• Sports and recreational injury

Suggested action to take

• Seek medical advice
• If the injury has happened as a result of an accident that was not your fault you should seek specialist legal advice


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