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Concussion can be caused by a mild traumatic brain injury, often caused by a blow or shock to the head which causes a disturbance in the usual functions of the brain.

Concussion in itself is not life threatening; however a concussion can often be the first sign that there has been a more serious brain injury. Any form of jarring of the brain can cause serious injury through swelling, bleeding and disruption of the nerves around the brain.

There is a common misconception that for there to be a concussion the injury victim has to have been knocked unconscious. This is not the case. Concussions can be caused without the loss of consciousness.

The symptoms of concussion will depend on the type and severity of injury to the brain.
Treatment and rehabilitation of concussive injuries will depend on the severity and position of the injury.

Common symptoms

  • Loss of coordination
  • noise sensitivity
  • Loss of concentration
  • Loss of memory (brief)
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness

Common causes

• Road traffic accident
• Accidents at work
• Falling from height
• Sports and recreational injury
• Blow to the head caused by falling object

Suggested action to take

• Seek medical advice
• If the injury has happened as a result of an accident that was not your fault you should seek specialist legal advice

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