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Shoulder injuries

Shoulder injuries can take many forms; most common are shoulder dislocation, shoulder separation, collar bone fractures and rotator cuff tears.

A shoulder dislocation is an injury that occurs when the top of the arm bone (humerus) loses contact with the socket of the shoulder blade (scapula). Shoulder dislocations usually cause severe pain and a dislocation is visually apparent. Dislocation can also cause nerve and muscle damage.

Shoulder separation is an injury to the top of the shoulder where it meets the collar bone and as the name suggests, involves a separation or disruption of the shoulder (acromioclavicular) joint. The severity of the injury is described in types; type 1 being the least severe.

A fractured collar bone is a fracture or break to the clavicle bone which runs across the top of the shoulder. A rotator cuff tear is damage to the muscles that control the mobility of the shoulder joint.

All shoulder injuries are different and the symptoms and effects will differ from person to person. The length of recovery will depend upon the level of damage that has been caused to the shoulder and the surrounding ligaments and muscles.

Common symptoms

• Pain in shoulder joint                         • Lack of arm mobility                   • Weakness in shoulder

Common causes

• Road traffic accident                        • Accidents at work                       • Falling from height
• Sports injury                                    • Sports / recreational injury

Suggested action to take

• Seek medical advice
• If the injury has happened as a result of an accident that was not your fault you should seek specialist legal advice.

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